Today’s picture: Pizza Preparation at the Ferguson Bar, Massey University, Albany
Part 1: Today's word
If a custom, product or idea originates somewhere it means that it came from there. Its origins can be found there. So, for example, it is believed that chocolate originated in Mexico.
Click here for interactive exercises on academic vocabulary and writing.
Part 2: Test
Here are FOUR sentences with the word of the day. But only THREE are correct. Which is the Odd One Out?
The company originated the concept of just-in time production, but was unable to fully implement it for complex socio-cultural reasons.
The majority of plants seen as having potential medical uses originate in the rainforests of the world.
Many of the customs of the modern university, such as its academic dress, originated in the monasteries of medieval Europe.
Chess is thought to have originated in India, though it may have been refined in Persia before being transmitted to the West by Arabs.
Part 3: Practice Questions:
Do you know where your favourite sports or games originated?
Part 4: The Phrasal Four
Pizzas only really took off in the United States after the Second World War.
be worn out
I’m worn out - can’t we sit down for a few minutes?
tighten a spring / irritate / make fun of
You don’t have to wind up this watch - it’s kinetic !
I don’t want to work with Paul - he really winds me up.
Don’t take it so seriously - we were only winding you up.
100’s of species have been wiped out over the last 100 years.
Part 5: Kiwi Quiz Question
What colour shirts will the New Zealand All Blacks be wearing for their match against France in Marseille this November?
Part 6: Today's online listening:
This is an interview from Radio New Zealand with an American professor who has written a book about the history of the Pizza!
Vocabulary for the article:
as legend has it
a blank canvas
Questions for the article:
1) The pizza originated in ...
2) One of the original basic pizza toppings was ..
3) Why was the tomato used as a pizza topping at a time when it wasn’t popular in the rest of Europe?
local growing conditions were more favourable
it was less poisonous than in other parts of Europe
it was used as an ornamental topping
pizza toppings were the only available use for tomatoes at the time
4) In 1889, Queen Margarita decided to try a pizza because ..
it was commonly praised by travellers
it had been named in her honour
she was curious about local dishes
she was tired of the plain foods she had been eating
5) Pizza was typical of much nineteenth-century Italian food in that ..
it provided a balance of protein, carbohydrates and fibre
it consisted of carbohydrate supplemented by flavoured additives
it was popular among working people across Southern Europe
It required a simple wood-fired oven and basic cooking utensils
6) The average American eats about how many slices of pizza a week?
three and a half
7) Pizza was often eaten on Fridays ...
because workers had the afternoon off
for religious reasons
because it was limited to ethnic communities
because it was too expensive for everyday consumption
8) The 1960’s in the USA saw the beginning of ...
experimentation with different ingredients
commercialisation through pizza franchises
home-baking through newspaper recipes
differences between American and Italian pizzas
9) There are so many different versions of pizza in the United States because ..
the Italian-American community is widespread there
there is a lack of other local food options
the simplicity of the pizza allows for ease of customisation
national chains have pursued a market segmentation strategy
10) Which pizza-related product has grown into a $1bn business in the United States?
11) Dominos Pizzas targeted particular towns for their delivery business mainly because of their potential customers’ .....
low socio-economic status
Today’s musical suggestion: from the USA / Italy
That’s Amore sung by Dean Martin