Today’s photo: Cheltenham Beach, Devonport
Part 1: Today's word
‘Stipulate’ is a formal word meaning to say exactly so it’s used a lot in contracts and regulations, where things have to be said or written down really exactly.
University regulations stipulate that all theses must be double-spaced and submitted in hard copy.
Click here for more practice.
Part 2: Test
Here are FOUR sentences with the word of the day. But only THREE are correct. Which is the Odd One Out?
The Merchant Shipping Act 1833 stipulated that full lists of all crews needed to be submitted within 48 hours of a ship arriving at port.
The constitution of the company stipulated the form, number and composition of the board of directors.
The courts stipulated regarding the matter as the whole area was under consideration by Parliament.
The treaty stipulated that each man supplied to the English king should bring three horses with him.
Part 3: Practice Questions:
Do you know which conditions are stipulated in your visa or residence document?
What conditions are stipulated in your contract with the university regarding the completion of your degree?
Part 4: The Phrasal Five
allow for sth
We’ll have to allow three hours for the return journey.
plan to do something extra in case it’s needed
answer sb back
He’s so rude. He always answers back when his parents tell him off.
refuse to accept criticism / be cheeky
At first they threatened to call in the police, but they backed down when they realised they were in the wrong. withhdraw threats or withdraw from an argument
back sb up
If I complain about the heating, will you back me up? support someone in an argument or fight
beat sb up
He told me he’d beat me up if I didn’t give him my pocket money.
fight against and hurt someone
Part 5: Kiwi Quiz Question
Which of these is NOT a necessary element of a contract in New Zealand Law?
Part 6: Today's online listening
This is an interview from Radio New Zealand with an expert in Family Law, Catriona MacLennan. She discusses the problem with laws designed to help people achieve a clear division of assets in the event of a break-down in a personal relationship.
Vocabulary for the article:
back to square one
run of the mill
when things turn to custard
an uphill struggle
to get around
Questions for the article:
1) Which of these is NOT a new feature of the 2002 Property Relationships Act?
de facto relationships
2) Under the 2002 Act, courts have been given powers to set aside trusts if ..
there is a marital breakdown
the parties had been in a de facto relationship
they had been created to avoid division of assets
the trust had been set up by only one partner
3) What is the limitation of Section 182 of the Family Proceedings Act?
It only covers trusts set up after the parties were married
It only covers certain types of relationship
It only covers certain types of asset
It can only be used with the consent of both parties
4) The case cited by Professor Piart was significant because ..
the spouse had been denied access to the trust
creditors had been given access to the trust
it highlighted limitations in current legislation
Parliament had failed to bust this trust
5) A sham trust is one where ...
there are no real assets
courts are reluctant to look behind
the beneficiary has control of the assets
assets consist of illegally held property
6) The fundamental problem which needs to be addressed by Parliament is ..
the high rate of breakdown of relationships
the high proportion of trusts held by New Zealanders
the conflict between two different areas of law
the failure of the courts to bust trusts
7) The area where the law is weak is in dealing with situations where ...
mature couples enter into Relationship Property agreements
one party has controlled the finances prior to the separation
there are de facto relationships in which the couples reach an amicable separation
there financial arrangements in which independent legal advice is mandatory
8) She believes that there should be ..
mandatory divorce planning at the beginning of relationships
no need for people to consider the possibility of relationship break-down
more widespread use of relationship property agreements
a better legal framework for fair division of relationship assets
Today’s Musical Suggestion:
Click Breaking up is hard to do by Neil Sedaka