Today's photo: Massey University Study Centre
Part 1: Today's word
“Hence” is a more formal way of saying ‘so’ or ‘therefore’. It’s often used just with a noun phrase to follow, as in the first example below, but can also introduce a whole clause (with a subject and verb), as in the second example.
The company did a lot of business with South America – hence the need for a staff with Spanish and Portuguese.
Education is a social phenomenon; hence, it must be considered in relation to specific social structures.
For more practice, go to: www.academicenglishgenerator.com
Part 2: Test
Here are FOUR sentences with the word of the day. But only THREE are correct. Which is the Odd One Out?
Our product is relatively unknown in our target markets; hence the focus on educating our potential clients.
I was researching the role of women in Medieval warfare; hence my trip to Europe.
No further money was available for research, which was, hence, discontinued.
My particular research topic was very specific, with small sample sizes; hence my decision to use a qualitative methodology.
Part 3: Practice Question:
How might you continue these sentences?
Auckland has rather wet, mild winters. Hence, …
New Zealand’s electoral system makes it more difficult for a single party to win a majority of seats; hence, ……
Part 4: Kiwi Quiz Question
What is the number one website which New Zealanders use to buy and sell things?
Part 5: Today’s online listening: A local E-Business entrepreneur
This is an interview with Mark Nathan, a young migrant in Auckland who has set up a website business in the hope of making a million dollars
Vocabulary for the article: win someone over / social utility website / climb the ladder / the rat race / a venture / the idea struck me / the idea has legs / scarcity of supply / a project takes off
Questions for the article:
1) How does he hope his venture will generate income?
2) What is the benefit for the clients of the website?
3) Why did Mark come to New Zealand?
4) How risky is this venture?
5) Has Mark’s psychology degree been useful in obtaining employment?
6) Is his family supportive?
7) At the current rate of subscriptions, how long will it take Mark to reach his target?
8) What limitations are there on uploading photos?
9) How long is he allowing for his project?
Today’s musical intro / outro: from Mali
‘Cantelowes’ by Toumani Diabate. From the CD ‘The Mande Variations’. 2008: World Circuit Records. CD may be purchased online, for instance at: http://tinyurl.com/5jaenp . You can see an interview (in French) and extracts of performances at: http://tinyurl.com/6l5mea and a live performance of this track at: http://tinyurl.com/5dpjsk ________________________________________________________________________
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